Oral Histories

Interview of Craig Whited

Interviewed because of connection to tennis player Arthur Ashe. Participated with Ashe in the Army Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) at UCLA from 1963 to 1967.
Purpose Served: An Oral History of the Exemplary Life of Arthur Ashe, 1943-1993
African American History
Biographical Note:
Interviewed because of connection to tennis player Arthur Ashe. Participated with Ashe in the Army Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) at UCLA from 1963 to 1967.
Nwonye, Chinyere
Whited, Craig
Persons Present:
Whited and Nwonye.
Place Conducted:
The interview was conducted using the Zoom video conferencing platform.
Supporting Documents:
Records relating to the interview are located in the office of the UCLA Library’s Center for Oral History Research.
Interviewer Background and Preparation:
The interview was conducted by Chinyere Nwonye, an interviewer for the Arthur Ashe Oral History project as part of the UCLA Arthur Ashe Legacy Center. Chinyere is a graduate of UCLA with a background in neuroscience and African American Studies.The interviewer prepared for the interview by reading Arthur Ashe’s Advantage Ashe (1967); Arthur Ashe and Neil Amdur’s Off the Court (1981); Arthur Ashe and Arnold Rampersad’s Days of Grace: A Memoir (1993); Raymond Arsenault’s Arthur Ashe: A Life (2018); various archival articles from the Los Angeles Times and Daily Bruin. To gain background on the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) program, the researcher also read “History of Army ROTC” from the University of California, Berkeley Army ROTC website; The Reserve Officer Training Corps (1951), by Alexander Hamilton; Integration in the Armed Services (1956), by James C. Evans and David A. Lane; Letters: A Constructive Alternative to ROTC (1969), published by the American Association of University Professors.
Processing of Interview:
The interviewer prepared a timed log of the audio recording of the interview. The interviewee was given the opportunity to review the log in order to supply missing or misspelled names and to verify the accuracy of the content.
1.75 hrs
Regents of the University of California, UCLA Library.
Series Statement:
Purpose Served: An Oral History of the Exemplary Life of Arthur Ashe, 1943-1993 is an initiative of the Arthur Ashe Legacy Fund (AALF) at UCLA and is funded by AALF and by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. By launching an oral history project to document and capture the firsthand recollections of Ashe’s colleagues, associates, family, and friends, UCLA was fulfilling its commitment to the Arthur Ashe Learning Center to document and disseminate the considerable impact of one of its most significant graduates.In his memoir Days of Grace Arthur Ashe stated, "I don't want to be remembered for my tennis accomplishments.” Although this series provides a comprehensive account of Ashe’s considerable accomplishments as a tennis player, it also offers a substantial number of first-person accounts of historical moments and stories beyond the scope of tennis. Ashe’s ascent in the tennis world coincided with many important developments in the sport: the onset of the Open Era, the shift from a mostly “country club” sport to the public arena, the commercialization of tennis, and the rise of the celebrity athlete. But his life also intersected with a number of significant milestone in the second half of the twentieth century, including the civil rights and women’s movements, the Vietnam War, the fall of apartheid in South Africa, and the AIDS/HIV crisis. In their reflections on Ashe’s work and activism, participants in this series share stories of his engagement with these crucial moments in U.S. history. Finally, the series also contains information about segregation; student life at UCLA in the 1960s; ROTC; West Point; Black life in Richmond, Virginia and St. Louis, Missouri; the work of TransAfrica and Artists and Athletes against Apartheid; and the relatively unknown histories of the American Tennis Association and Dr. Robert Walter Johnson’s Summer Tennis Camp.Interviewees were sought across the country and internationally, reflecting Ashe’s broad swath of associates and his status as a prominent athlete and a respected public intellectual. Although the series reflects his entire life, special attention was given to locating childhood friends, military associates, and fellow students in St. Louis and at UCLA. Participants who could speak of his devotion to support youth in the sport and his activism were also included in this series.The series commenced months before the COVID-19 pandemic, so many of the initial interviews align with traditional oral history methodology in being conducted in person. After stay-at-home orders were initiated across the country in March of 2020, interviews were conducted via the Zoom video conferencing platform. Many of these sessions were preserved on video recordings as well as audio recordings.
Craig Whited is born in Memphis, Tennessee in 1946 – Family lives all over the world and maintains home in integrated area of northern Virginia near Washington D.C. as father is a career naval officer – Graduates high school early in 1963 and decides to attend the University of California, Los Angeles – Learns about assassination of President John F. Kennedy during first semester – Chosen to participate in UCLA Reserve Officer Training Corps honor guard for President Lyndon B. Johnson’s visit to UCLA on February 21, 1964 – Attends Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. visits the UCLA campus on April 27, 1965 – Athletics and social movements on campus – The draft and anti-war protests – Decision to join voluntarily join ROTC – Meeting Arthur Ashe – Relationship with Ashe through ROTC – Graduates in 1967 and visits Ashe at West Point during active duty but they eventually lose connection when gets assignment to Vietnam – Compares information learned about Vietnam through ROTC and through news media – Returns to UCLA in 1973 for graduate degree in the School of Management – Learns about Ashe’s HIV/AIDS diagnosis – Ashe’s genuine personality and the bonds formed through UCLA ROTC