Interview of Lilia Aceves
Founder of the Comisión Femenil Mexicana Nacional and first director of the Chicana Action Service Center. Activist in the Cooperative Nursery School Movement.
- Mexican American Civil Rights Pioneers: Historical Roots of an Activist Generation
- Latina and Latino History
- Biographical Note:
- Founder of the Comisión Femenil Mexicana Nacional and first director of the Chicana Action Service Center. Activist in the Cooperative Nursery School Movement.
- Aceves, Lilia
- Persons Present:
- Aceves and Espino.
- Place Conducted:
- Aceves's home in Monterey Park, California.
- Supporting Documents:
- Records relating to the interview are located in the office of the UCLA Library's Center for Oral History Research.
- Interviewer Background and Preparation:
- The interview was conducted by Virginia Espino, Program Coordinator for Latina and Latino History, UCLA Library's Center for Oral History Research; B.A., psychology, UC Santa Cruz; Ph.D., history, Arizona State University. Espino prepared for the interview by researching the Comisión Femenil de Los Angeles Papers, 1970-1980 housed at UCLA's Chicano Studies Resource Center. The Historical Los Angeles Times database was consulted, along with various secondary sources on Los Angeles Chicano history, politics, and civic life.
- Processing of Interview:
- The transcript is a verbatim transcription of the recording. It was transcribed by a professional transcribing agency using a list of proper names and specialized terminology supplied by the interviewer. Aceves was then given an opportunity to review the transcript and made a few corrections and additions. Those corrections were entered into the text without further editing or review on the part of the Center for Oral History Research staff.
- 14 hrs.
- Regents of the University of California, UCLA Library.
- Series Statement:
- The purpose of this series is to document the social justice activism of the Mexican American generation and to explore family and community life in war-time Los Angeles. Individuals selected for this series resided in Los Angeles during the 1930s and 1940s and began their civic participation prior to 1960. Represented groups include a wide range of activists, including labor, political, and educational activists. Their combined experience underscores war-time community life and outlines the historical precursors to the Chicano Movement.
Family background; Fleeing Mexico during Revolution; Arriving in New Mexico in 1916; Arriving in California; 1930s Los Angeles; Boarding schools; Early childhood living conditions; Aunt dies of tuberculosis; Belmont High School; Work at May Company; Olive View Sanatorium; Skin color issues.
Boarding school experience at Francis de Paul School for Girls; Friendship bonds; Mother’s alcoholism; Boarding school education; Leaving the boarding school to attend a public high school; The Church of All Nations; Denied academic courses in high school; First job at May Company; Teenage peer group; World War II and internment; Pachuco culture; Sleepy Lagoon case.
Work at May Company; Relief during the Depression; Belmont High School; Aliso Village Projects; Los Angeles music scene; Dating; Meeting husband; Sexual mores; Childbearing; Ramona Co-op Nursery; Height’s Co-op Nursery; No war toys philosophy; Wabash Council; McCarthy era; Eastside Democratic Club; Divorce; Son’s alcoholism; Formal structure of Co-op Nursery.
Community Service Organization; Raul Morin election; Wabash Coordinating Council; Eastside Democratic Club; Delfino Varela; Paul M. Sheldon studies; Economic development opportunities; Anti-poverty community representative; Working for Mayor Tom Bradley; Evolution of political ideology; Un-American Activities Committee; East Los Angeles College; Sexism in the Mexican American Political Organization; Pertinent issues in the 1950s; Julian Nava election to Board of Education.