Oral Histories

Interview of Daniel X. Freedman

UCLA professor of psychiatry and pharmacology. Vice chairman of psychiatry at UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute.
Psychiatry and Pharmacology
UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute and Hospital
Science, Medicine, and Technology
UCLA and University of California History
UCLA Research Centers and Programs
Biographical Note:
UCLA professor of psychiatry and pharmacology. Vice chairman of psychiatry at UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute.
Novak, Steven J.
Freedman, Daniel X.
Supporting Documents:
Records relating to the interview are located in the office of the UCLA Library's Center for Oral History Research.
Regents of the University of California, UCLA Library.
Series Statement:
This series was made possible by support from the UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute and Hospital and documents the history of that institution.
Childhood in Crawfordsville, Indiana; attends Harvard University; administers neurological and psychological tests in the United States Army Medical Corps; learns electroencephalography; colleagues in the Medical Corps; assigned to Northington General Hospital in Birmingham, Alabama; Fredrick C. Redlich; the impact of World War II on American psychiatry; origin of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Psychopharmacology Service Center; accepted at Yale University School of Medicine; anti-Semitism at Yale; student movements of the 1940s; early interest in brain chemistry; Yale internship in pediatrics; supports Adlai E. Stevenson in 1952; residency in psychiatry at Yale; Yale Psychiatric Institute; analytic training at Western New England Psychoanalytic Institute; doubts about the dogmatism of psychoanalysis; Freedman's style as a therapist; Nicholas Giarman; receives NIMH career investigator grant; the twentieth-century revolution in pharmacology; tests apomorphine on dogs; studies the allergic reactions of schizophrenics; studies immune reactions in guinea pigs; searching for brain receptor sites; origins of psychoimmunology; Freedman's research on LSD; Freedman's research on families of schizophrenics; tries chlorpromazine on patients; Seymour S. Kety; searching for neurotransmitters; returns to Yale and sets up its first psychopharmacology lab; reservations about the community mental health movement; trying to build biological psychiatry at Yale; collaborates with Redlich in writing The Theory and Practice of Psychiatry; Roy R. Grinker Sr.; Norton W. Simon and Jennifer Jones Simon; Sandoz Pharmaceuticals promotes research on LSD; drug research by the military and the United States Public Health Service; founding the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology; serves on the American Psychiatric Association's Commission on Drug Abuse; the fight to protect medical drug research from excessive federal regulation; serves on the Drug Abuse Council; Jerome H. Jaffe; the Richard M. Nixon administration's fear that Vietnam War veterans would spread drug abuse in the United States; appointed chief editor of the Archives of General Psychiatry; noteworthy contributors to the journal; the review process at the journal; providing a venue for pioneering studies in psychiatric epidemiology; Freedman becomes chair of the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Chicago; people whom he recruited to the department; Jarl E. Dyrud; James E. Carter, Rosalynn Smith Carter, and the President's Commission on Mental Health; fights Ronald W. Reagan administration's funding cuts; recruited by UCLA's Louis Jolyon West; the UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute (NPI); the UCLA Brain Research Institute; Kenneth I. Shine; the stigma attached to psychiatry; future hopes and plans.