Oral Histories

Interview of Lilly Toch

German émigré. Wife of Ernst Toch, composer and film scorer.
The Orchestration of a Composer's Life
Interviews not in a series, part one
German Émigrés
Biographical Note:
German émigré. Wife of Ernst Toch, composer and film scorer.
Galm, Bernard
Toch, Lilly
Supporting Documents:
Records relating to the interview are located in the office of the UCLA Library's Center for Oral History Research.
Regents of the University of California, UCLA Library.
Family backgrounds and early lives of Lilly and husband, Ernst Toch (1887-1964), in Vienna; Ernst's development as composer; music worlds in Vienna, Frankfurt, Mannheim, and Berlin; marriage during World War I; works created by Ernst, 1919-34; tour of United States under auspices of Pro Musica Society, 1932; anti-Semitism in Austria and Germany; emigration to Paris, London, New York, 1933-34; music world in New York; move to Pacific Palisades, California, 1936; lack of response to modernist music by American audiences; attempts to save friends and relatives after Hitler's invasion of Austria; German émigré community in Los Angeles; Ernst's heart attack, 1948; compositions, 1949-64; trips back to Europe; reception of Ernst's works; relationships with George Gershwin, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Mahler, Thomas Mann; Ernst's death, 1964; activities since 1964.